Andersen, Nonverbal Communication: Forms and Functions (Mountain View, CA: Mayfield, 1999), 125. Similarly, when we become more experienced communicators, we tend to think that we interpret non-verbal messages better. This section explains some effective coding and decoding strategies for non-verbal messages. As we have already learned, we receive few, if any, formal instructions in non-verbal communication, but you can imagine this chapter as a training manual to improve your own non-verbal communication skills. As with all aspects of communication, improving your non-verbal communication requires ongoing commitment and effort. However, studies show that education and training in non-verbal communication can lead to rapid growth in knowledge and skills. Ronald E. Riggio, « Social Interaction Skills and Nonverbal Behavior, » inApplications of Nonverbal Behavior Theories and Research, ed. Robert S.
Feldman (Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1992), 23. In addition, as soon as initial efforts in improving your non-verbal coding and decoding abilities and these new abilities are put into practice, people are encouraged by the positive reactions of others. Keep in mind that people can enjoy interacting with other qualified people in non-verbal coding and decoding, which will be evident in their reactions, which will provide more motivation and encouragement to improve your abilities. As you will remember our introductory chapter, a channel is the sensory route on which a message travels. Oral communication is based only on a channel, since the spoken language is transmitted by Denton and recorded by our ears. On the other hand, non-verbal communication can be absorbed by the five senses. Since most of our communications are based on visual and auditory channels, these will be at the center of this chapter. But we can also receive messages and create meaning through touch, taste and smell. Touch is a particularly powerful form of non-verbal communication that we will discuss in this regard, but we are not going to get into the taste and smell that have not received as much scientific attention in terms of non-verbal communication as the other senses.
3. Do you think more targeted screening is a good idea, as opposed to random screenings where each person has the same chance of being selected for improved pat-downs? What for? Do you think such targeted screening could be considered a case of unethical racist profiling? Why not? In addition to the transmission of a person`s beliefs and nationality, clothing can be used as a non-verbal clue to attract others. Men and women can be inundated with high-end accessories and fashion to win partners that interest them. In this case, clothing is used as a form of self-representation in which people can display their power, wealth, sex appeal or creativity.  An in-study study of women`s clothing at nightclubs in Vienna, Austria, showed that in some groups of women (particularly women who were not partners), motivation for sex and the concentration of ensexualized hormones were correlated with aspects of their clothing, particularly with the amount of skin displayed and the presence of pure clothing.  Acts may also be classified as independent of language or language. Languageless gestures depend on a culturally accepted interpretation and have a direct verbal translation. :9 A wave or a sign of peace are examples of gestures independent of the language.