At the ceremony, CDA President Tsabta noted that extensive consultations, commitments and in-depth negotiations had been initiated in the process of preparing and finalizing the agreement. « We have taken into account the interest of all parties involved in obtaining this document and we will continue to focus on full implementation for the benefit of all, » he said. The MMA does not provide for a definition of the CDA, making it more difficult for the parties to reach a consensus on what THE CDA should contain and regulate. This is a reason for hardness, especially since the concept and its use are relatively new to Nigeria. The only direction contained in the NMA text is that the CDA`s objective is to « guarantee the transfer of social and economic benefits to the Community ».  He called for continued cooperation between Etsu of Bwari and other district leaders present at the meeting to ensure peaceful coexistence and a harmonious relationship between host communities and operators, while encouraging operators to undertake more community projects and involve them in social responsibility.  Contrary to the objectives of the CDAs as set out in the law, a certain CDA curiously stated that a Honda car should be purchased for the traditional sovereign instead of bringing benefits to the host community in general.  See the in-depth discussion of the problematic definition of « community » in Ciaran O`Faircheallaigh, « Community Development Agreements in the Mining industry: an emerging global phenomenon, » Journal of Community Development Society (2015) 44 (2), 223. In addition to the return on investment that generates mining investment, the government and host communities also expect to benefit from income and job creation. Despite these obvious advantages, mining is inherently environmental degradation and a large number of labour and community problems. The impact of mining on host communities can often lead to conflicts with negative effects on investment.
The need for a favourable operating environment cannot be overstated, as mining is characterized by long gestation periods ranging from 20 to 50 years or more. Another challenge is how to determine « host communities » and « communities concerned. » The MMA does not define a « community » needed to identify the boundaries for identifying communities that can use or overlap for a useful common interest, as well as differences in environmental impact between individuals or groups within a community.